Upper and Lower Canada joined together to form the Province of Canada in 1840. Reformers like Robert Baldwin and Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine, alongside Nova Scotia’s Joseph Howe, collaborated with British governors in seeking responsible government.
Nova Scotia was the first British colony in North America to achieve full responsible government in 1847-48. Lord Elgin, governor of United Canada, introduced responsible government in that colony in 1848-49, encouraged by the British government.
Responsible government still rules the way in which Canada is governed today: when the government loses a confidence vote in the assembly, it falls. La Fontaine, who championed democracy and the French language, was the first responsible government leader in the Province of Canada.