Canada’s History

Questions from Discover Canada Chapter - Canada’s History. Detailed chapter-by-chapter questions help students retain and review knowledge from each chapter.

 

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Canada’s History

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Question 1
Around what time did the word Canada first begin appearing on maps?
A
1550s
B
1450s
C
1650s
D
1750s
Question 2
In 1608 Samuel de Champlain built a fortress in an area which is now…?
A
Toronto
B
Montréal
C
Québec city
D
Prince Edward Island
Question 3
In 1885 a Head Tax was established to attempt to block the immigration of which people to Canada?
A
Africans
B
Chinese
C
Mexicans
D
Indians
Question 4
How many Canadians lost their lives in the First World War?
A
60,000
B
40,000
C
20,000
D
80,000
Question 5
Louis Riel led uprisings against the Dominion of Canada in 1869 and 1885, leading which people?
A
Metis
B
Inuit
C
Iroquois
D
Sioux
Question 6
In what year did the Montréal stock exchange open?
A
1832
B
1782
C
1862
D
1802
Question 7
Having beaten the French, the British renamed the area of the Battle of the Plains what?
A
Province of Québec
B
Prince Edward Island
C
New Britain
D
Newfoundland
Question 8
In which year did the French make peace with the Iroquois?
A
1741
B
1701
C
1681
D
1721
Question 9
Who was the first European to explore the St Lawrence River?
A
William Cormack
B
John Cabot
C
Jacques Cartier
D
Christopher Columbus
Question 10
Upper Canada became the first province of the British Empire to start to introduce abolition of slavery in what year?
A
1793
B
1800
C
1807
D
1776
Question 11
The first people to set foot in Canada apart from Aboriginal peoples are thought to have come from where?
A
Ireland
B
England
C
Iceland
D
Germany
Question 12
The Atlantic colonies and Upper and Lower Canada were collectively known as what?
A
Greater Canada
B
Northern States
C
British Canada
D
British North America
Question 13
In 1867, which of these provinces was not part of the new country called the Dominion of Canada?
A
Newfoundland
B
New Brunswick
C
Nova Scotia
D
Ontario
Question 14
During the American Revolution, Joseph Brant led thousands of Native Americans into Canada who were loyal to the British. Which tribe did they represent?
A
Apache
B
Mohawks
C
Sioux
D
Navajo
Question 15
Many slaves escaped from the United States to Canada using…?
A
The Underground Canal
B
The Underground Highway
C
The Underground Railroad
D
The Underground Tramway
Question 16
Which of these First Nations tribes did not become allies of the original French settlers?
A
Montagnais
B
Iroquois
C
Algonquin
D
Huron
Question 17
The commander of the victorious British Army in the Battle of the Plains was…?
A
Charles Cadogan
B
Arthur Wellesley
C
James Wolfe
D
The Duke of Marlborough
Question 18
In 1813 American invaders burnt down Government House and the Parliament Buildings in York. What is that city now called?
A
Toronto
B
Montréal
C
Halifax
D
Kingston
Question 19
The cities of Edmonton, Langley and Victoria all began as what?
A
Trading posts
B
Religious settlements
C
Landing stages
D
Army bases
Question 20
British Columbia joined Canada in 1871 when Ottawa promised to build a linking…?
A
Canal
B
Railway
C
Telegraph network
D
Highway
Question 21
Sir John Alexander MacDonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, is represented on what Canadian currency?
A
$5 bill
B
$1 bill
C
$10 bill
D
$20 bill
Question 22
During the Second World War, Canadians with origins in which country were unfairly discriminated against in British Columbia?
A
Austria
B
Italy
C
Germany
D
Japan
Question 23
In what year were Upper and Lower Canada united as the Province of Canada?
A
1850
B
1860
C
1840
D
1830
Question 24
The Québec Act allowed Catholics in Canada to do what that they could not, at the time, do in Britain?
A
Buy property
B
Get married
C
Celebrate mass
D
Hold public office
Question 25
The name Canada derives from the Iroquois word kanata, which means what?
A
Village
B
Seashore
C
Lake
D
Country
Question 26
On what day of the year to Canadians remember all those who have served and died for Canada?
A
November 11
B
July 1
C
August 25
D
April 3
Question 27
Which of these Canadian tribes lived by farming and hunting?
A
Iroquois
B
Cree
C
Sioux
D
Dene
Question 28
Sir Wilfred Laurier was the first Canadian Prime Minister…?
A
All of these
B
Who was born in Canada
C
Who was French Canadian
D
Who was an immigrant
Question 29
In what year were the majority of female Canadian citizens aged 21 or over given the right to vote in federal elections?
A
1917
B
1918
C
1921
D
1916
Question 30
Canada Day, formerly known as Dominion Day, is celebrated to mark the date of the Dominion of Canada formally came into being in 1867, which is…?
A
June 1
B
August 1
C
May 1
D
July 1
Question 31
Why did European explorers call the native people they found in Canada Indians?
A
They thought they were in the East Indies
B
They thought they looked like Indians
C
It was short for “Independents”
D
It was the native people’s word for themselves
Question 32
In 1792, black immigrants to Nova Scotia established a colony for free slaves where?
A
Togo
B
Sierra Leone
C
Nigeria
D
Ethiopia
Question 33
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are now the national police force of Canada. What were they originally called when they were established to help pacify the west of Canada?
A
The Western Provinces Mounted Police
B
The Canada Mounted Police
C
The North West Mounted Police
D
Her Majesty’s Mounted Police
Question 34
At the time of the American Revolution, how many Loyalists fled to Canada?
A
60,000+
B
30,000+
C
40,000+
D
50,000+
Question 35
Out of a population of 8 million, how many Canadians fought in the First World War?
A
600,000
B
400,000
C
100,000
D
200,000
Question 36
Which was the first Canadian province to give women the right to vote?
A
Alberta
B
Ontario
C
Manitoba
D
British Columbia
Question 37
The Québec Act was based on…?
A
French criminal law and French civil law
B
French criminal law and British civil law
C
British criminal law and British civil law
D
British criminal law and French civil law
Question 38
The export of which of these was not a major part of the Canadian economy when it was first founded?
A
Fur
B
Timber
C
Oil
D
Fish
Question 39
Who was the first person to draw a map of the east coast of Canada?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
John Cabot
C
Ferdinand Magellan
D
Christopher Columbus
Question 40
Canada became an official title in what year?
A
1796
B
1776
C
1791
D
1782
Question 41
Which of these Canadian tribes was nomadic?
A
Sioux
B
Cree
C
Iroquois
D
Inuit
Question 42
In 1812, in revenge for British interference with their shipping, which country attempted to invade Canada?
A
France
B
Spain
C
USA
D
Portugal
Question 43
Which Act of 1791 divided Québec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
A
The Constitutional Act
B
The Québec Act
C
The Canada Act
D
The Division Act
Question 44
Along with other former countries of the British Empire, Canada is part of which organisation?
A
The Former Empire Club
B
The British Protectorate
C
The Commonwealth of Nations
D
The Colonial Society
Question 45
Which were the first group of women to be given the right to vote in federal elections in Canada?
A
Women working in munitions factories in World War I
B
Women married to soldiers in World War I
C
Women who lost a family member in World War I
D
Women serving as nurses in World War I
Question 46
To defend Canada, the Duke of Wellington chose Bytown as the endpoint of his network of forts. What is it called today?
A
Montréal
B
Toronto
C
Ottawa
D
Edmonton
Question 47
In the 1920s, it was suggested that what area should become a part of Canada?
A
The Falkland Islands
B
Alaska
C
Ireland
D
British West Indies
Question 48
Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts established the first European settlement north of Florida in which year?
A
1512
B
1589
C
1608
D
1604
Question 49
In what year did the British Parliament pass the Québec act?
A
1779
B
1767
C
1781
D
1774
Question 50
France’s empire in North America came to an end at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 in which part of Canada?
A
Prince Edward Island
B
Montréal
C
Hudson’s Bay
D
Québec City
Question 51
When European settlers first came to Canada, they caused large numbers of Aboriginal people to die due to…?
A
Disease
B
Starvation
C
Execution
D
Warfare
Question 52
What was the last province to become part of the Dominion of Canada, in 1999?
A
Alberta
B
Nunavut
C
Yukon
D
Saskatchewan
Question 53
The first democratic representative assembly in Canada was elected where?
A
Halifax
B
New Brunswick
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Newfoundland
Question 54
How many Canadian and Newfoundland servicemen served in World War II?
A
500,000
B
250,000
C
1 million+
D
100,000
Question 55
The original French economy of Canada was driven by the trade in what?
A
Dried fish
B
Beaver pelts
C
Gold
D
Pine timber
Question 56
The first British North American colony to truly govern itself was…?
A
New Brunswick
B
Prince Edward Island
C
Newfoundland
D
Nova Scotia
Question 57
In what year did the Americans attempt to invade Québec?
A
1775
B
1771
C
1769
D
1776
Question 58
In what year did King Charles II give the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the Hudson Bay area?
A
1670
B
1660
C
1665
D
1675
Question 59
Sir John Alexander McDonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born in what country?
A
Wales
B
Canada
C
Scotland
D
England
Question 60
In the D-Day invasion of Western Europe on June 6, 1944, Canadian forces stormed and took which beach from the German army?
A
Gold
B
Omaha
C
Juno
D
Sword
Question 61
To mark a remarkable victory in April 1917, April 9 is now celebrated as…?
A
Passchendaele Day
B
Vimy Day
C
Gallipoli Day
D
Ypres Day
Question 62
At the turn of the 19th/20th century, more than 260 Canadians died in which war?
A
The Boer War
B
The American war
C
The Indian war
D
The Mexican War
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Canada’s History
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