CANADA’S HISTORY

Questions from Discover Canada Chapter – Canada’s History. Detailed chapter-by-chapter questions help students retain and review knowledge from each chapter.
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Canada’s History

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Question 1
Canada became an official title in what year?
A
1796
B
1791
C
1782
D
1776
Question 2
At the turn of the 19th/20th century, more than 260 Canadians died in which war?
A
The Indian war
B
The Boer War
C
The American war
D
The Mexican War
Question 3
In what year did the Montréal stock exchange open?
A
1782
B
1802
C
1832
D
1862
Question 4
How many Canadian and Newfoundland servicemen served in World War II?
A
100,000
B
500,000
C
250,000
D
1 million+
Question 5
Out of a population of 8 million, how many Canadians fought in the First World War?
A
200,000
B
600,000
C
100,000
D
400,000
Question 6
In what year did the British Parliament pass the Québec act?
A
1767
B
1779
C
1774
D
1781
Question 7
Around what time did the word Canada first begin appearing on maps?
A
1650s
B
1450s
C
1750s
D
1550s
Question 8
In 1885 a Head Tax was established to attempt to block the immigration of which people to Canada?
A
Mexicans
B
Indians
C
Chinese
D
Africans
Question 9
Sir John Alexander McDonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born in what country?
A
England
B
Wales
C
Scotland
D
Canada
Question 10
To defend Canada, the Duke of Wellington chose Bytown as the endpoint of his network of forts. What is it called today?
A
Toronto
B
Montréal
C
Ottawa
D
Edmonton
Question 11
Upper Canada became the first province of the British Empire to start to introduce abolition of slavery in what year?
A
1800
B
1807
C
1776
D
1793
Question 12
Which were the first group of women to be given the right to vote in federal elections in Canada?
A
Women who lost a family member in World War I
B
Women serving as nurses in World War I
C
Women working in munitions factories in World War I
D
Women married to soldiers in World War I
Question 13
In 1608 Samuel de Champlain built a fortress in an area which is now…?
A
Toronto
B
Montréal
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Québec city
Question 14
To mark a remarkable victory in April 1917, April 9 is now celebrated as…?
A
Gallipoli Day
B
Vimy Day
C
Passchendaele Day
D
Ypres Day
Question 15
In what year did the Americans attempt to invade Québec?
A
1775
B
1776
C
1769
D
1771
Question 16
In what year did King Charles II give the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the Hudson Bay area?
A
1675
B
1665
C
1660
D
1670
Question 17
France’s empire in North America came to an end at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 in which part of Canada?
A
Hudson’s Bay
B
Montréal
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Québec City
Question 18
The first people to set foot in Canada apart from Aboriginal peoples are thought to have come from where?
A
Iceland
B
England
C
Germany
D
Ireland
Question 19
On what day of the year to Canadians remember all those who have served and died for Canada?
A
April 3
B
August 25
C
July 1
D
November 11
Question 20
During the American Revolution, Joseph Brant led thousands of Native Americans into Canada who were loyal to the British. Which tribe did they represent?
A
Mohawks
B
Navajo
C
Sioux
D
Apache
Question 21
Which was the first Canadian province to give women the right to vote?
A
Manitoba
B
British Columbia
C
Alberta
D
Ontario
Question 22
When European settlers first came to Canada, they caused large numbers of Aboriginal people to die due to…?
A
Execution
B
Disease
C
Starvation
D
Warfare
Question 23
Louis Riel led uprisings against the Dominion of Canada in 1869 and 1885, leading which people?
A
Inuit
B
Iroquois
C
Métis and Indians
D
Sioux
Question 24
Sir John Alexander MacDonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, is represented on what Canadian currency?
A
$5 bill
B
$1 bill
C
$20 bill
D
$10 bill
Question 25
The Québec Act was based on…?
A
French criminal law and French civil law
B
French criminal law and British civil law
C
British criminal law and French civil law
D
British criminal law and British civil law
Question 26
During the Second World War, Canadians with origins in which country were unfairly discriminated against in British Columbia?
A
Germany
B
Japan
C
Austria
D
Italy
Question 27
Canada Day, formerly known as Dominion Day, is celebrated to mark the date of the Dominion of Canada formally came into being in 1867, which is…?
A
August 1
B
June 1
C
July 1
D
May 1
Question 28
In 1813 American invaders burnt down Government House and the Parliament Buildings in York. What is that city now called?
A
Montréal
B
Toronto
C
Kingston
D
Halifax
Question 29
The export of which of these was not a major part of the Canadian economy when it was first founded?
A
Timber
B
Fish
C
Oil
D
Fur
Question 30
Who was the first European to explore the St Lawrence River?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
John Cabot
C
William Cormack
D
Christopher Columbus
Question 31
In the 1920s, it was suggested that what area should become a part of Canada?
A
The Falkland Islands
B
Alaska
C
Ireland
D
British West Indies
Question 32
Which of these Canadian tribes lived by farming and hunting?
A
Iroquois
B
Cree
C
Sioux
D
Dene
Question 33
In 1792, black immigrants to Nova Scotia established a colony for free slaves where?
A
Sierra Leone
B
Togo
C
Nigeria
D
Ethiopia
Question 34
Who was the first person to draw a map of the east coast of Canada?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
John Cabot
C
Christopher Columbus
D
Ferdinand Magellan
Question 35
The Québec Act allowed Catholics in Canada to do what that they could not, at the time, do in Britain?
A
Celebrate mass
B
Hold public office
C
Get married
D
Buy property
Question 36
Along with other former countries of the British Empire, Canada is part of which organisation?
A
The Former Empire Club
B
The British Protectorate
C
The Commonwealth of Nations
D
The Colonial Society
Question 37
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are now the national police force of Canada. What were they originally called when they were established to help pacify the west of Canada?
A
The North West Mounted Police
B
The Western Provinces Mounted Police
C
Her Majesty’s Mounted Police
D
The Canada Mounted Police
Question 38
The original French economy of Canada was driven by the trade in what?
A
Beaver pelts
B
Dried fish
C
Pine timber
D
Gold
Question 39
In which year did the French make peace with the Iroquois?
A
1681
B
1701
C
1741
D
1721
Question 40
Having beaten the French, the British renamed the area of the Battle of the Plains what?
A
New Britain
B
Newfoundland
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Province of Québec
Question 41
The Atlantic colonies and Upper and Lower Canada were collectively known as what?
A
British North America
B
Greater Canada
C
British Canada
D
Northern States
Question 42
In what year were Upper and Lower Canada united as the Province of Canada?
A
1830
B
1840
C
1860
D
1850
Question 43
The first democratic representative assembly in Canada was elected where?
A
Newfoundland
B
New Brunswick
C
Halifax
D
Prince Edward Island
Question 44
Sir Wilfred Laurier was the first Canadian Prime Minister…?
A
Who was French Canadian
B
Who was an immigrant
C
All of these
D
Who was born in Canada
Question 45
Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts established the first European settlement north of Florida in which year?
A
1608
B
1589
C
1604
D
1512
Question 46
Many slaves escaped from the United States to Canada using…?
A
The Underground Canal
B
The Underground Highway
C
The Underground Tramway
D
The Underground Railroad
Question 47
The commander of the victorious British Army in the Battle of the Plains was…?
A
The Duke of Marlborough
B
James Wolfe
C
Arthur Wellesley
D
Charles Cadogan
Question 48
In 1867, which of these provinces was not part of the new country called the Dominion of Canada?
A
Nova Scotia
B
Ontario
C
Newfoundland
D
New Brunswick
Question 49
What was the last territory to become part of the Dominion of Canada, in 1999?
A
Alberta
B
Yukon
C
Nunavut
D
Saskatchewan
Question 50
The first British North American colony to truly govern itself was…?
A
Nova Scotia
B
Prince Edward Island
C
New Brunswick
D
Newfoundland
Question 51
The name Canada derives from the Iroquois word kanata, which means what?
A
Lake
B
Country
C
Seashore
D
Village
Question 52
Which of these Canadian tribes was nomadic?
A
Cree
B
Sioux
C
Inuit
D
Iroquois
Question 53
How many Canadians lost their lives in the First World War?
A
40,000
B
60,000
C
20,000
D
80,000
Question 54
Which Act of 1791 divided Québec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
A
The Constitutional Act
B
The Canada Act
C
The Québec Act
D
The Division Act
Question 55
Which of these First Nations tribes did not become allies of the original French settlers?
A
Montagnais
B
Huron
C
Algonquin
D
Iroquois
Question 56
Why did European explorers call the native people they found in Canada Indians?
A
It was short for “Independents”
B
They thought they looked like Indians
C
It was the native people’s word for themselves
D
They thought they were in the East Indies
Question 57
The cities of Edmonton, Langley and Victoria all began as what?
A
Religious settlements
B
Army bases
C
Landing stages
D
Trading posts
Question 58
In 1812, in revenge for British interference with their shipping, which country attempted to invade Canada?
A
USA
B
Spain
C
Portugal
D
France
Question 59
In the D-Day invasion of Western Europe on June 6, 1944, Canadian forces stormed and took which beach from the German army?
A
Gold
B
Juno
C
Sword
D
Omaha
Question 60
In what year were the majority of female Canadian citizens aged 21 or over given the right to vote in federal elections?
A
1916
B
1918
C
1921
D
1917
Question 61
British Columbia joined Canada in 1871 when Ottawa promised to build a linking…?
A
Telegraph network
B
Highway
C
Railway
D
Canal
Question 62
At the time of the American Revolution, how many Loyalists fled to Canada?
A
50,000+
B
30,000+
C
60,000+
D
40,000+
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