Canada’s History

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Canada’s History

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Question 1
Who was the first person to draw a map of the east coast of Canada?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
Ferdinand Magellan
C
John Cabot
D
Christopher Columbus
Question 2
In 1608 Samuel de Champlain built a fortress in an area which is now…?
A
Montréal
B
Québec city
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Toronto
Question 3
In what year were Upper and Lower Canada united as the Province of Canada?
A
1840
B
1850
C
1860
D
1830
Question 4
In 1792, black immigrants to Nova Scotia established a colony for free slaves where?
A
Ethiopia
B
Togo
C
Sierra Leone
D
Nigeria
Question 5
To defend Canada, the Duke of Wellington chose Bytown as the endpoint of his network of forts. What is it called today?
A
Toronto
B
Edmonton
C
Montréal
D
Ottawa
Question 6
In the 1920s, it was suggested that what area should become a part of Canada?
A
Alaska
B
The Falkland Islands
C
British West Indies
D
Ireland
Question 7
The first people to set foot in Canada apart from Aboriginal peoples are thought to have come from where?
A
Iceland
B
Germany
C
Ireland
D
England
Question 8
Many slaves escaped from the United States to Canada using…?
A
The Underground Tramway
B
The Underground Railroad
C
The Underground Canal
D
The Underground Highway
Question 9
In what year did the Americans attempt to invade Québec?
A
1776
B
1769
C
1771
D
1775
Question 10
To mark a remarkable victory in April 1917, April 9 is now celebrated as…?
A
Vimy Day
B
Ypres Day
C
Passchendaele Day
D
Gallipoli Day
Question 11
France’s empire in North America came to an end at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 in which part of Canada?
A
Prince Edward Island
B
Montréal
C
Hudson’s Bay
D
Québec City
Question 12
The original French economy of Canada was driven by the trade in what?
A
Pine timber
B
Gold
C
Beaver pelts
D
Dried fish
Question 13
The first British North American colony to truly govern itself was…?
A
New Brunswick
B
Prince Edward Island
C
Newfoundland
D
Nova Scotia
Question 14
When European settlers first came to Canada, they caused large numbers of Aboriginal people to die due to…?
A
Execution
B
Warfare
C
Starvation
D
Disease
Question 15
Sir John Alexander MacDonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, is represented on what Canadian currency?
A
$10 bill
B
$5 bill
C
$20 bill
D
$1 bill
Question 16
In 1885 a Head Tax was established to attempt to block the immigration of which people to Canada?
A
Africans
B
Indians
C
Chinese
D
Mexicans
Question 17
Sir Wilfred Laurier was the first Canadian Prime Minister…?
A
Who was an immigrant
B
Who was born in Canada
C
Who was French Canadian
D
All of these
Question 18
In what year did King Charles II give the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the Hudson Bay area?
A
1660
B
1670
C
1665
D
1675
Question 19
Which was the first Canadian province to give women the right to vote?
A
Manitoba
B
Alberta
C
Ontario
D
British Columbia
Question 20
During the Second World War, Canadians with origins in which country were unfairly discriminated against in British Columbia?
A
Japan
B
Germany
C
Italy
D
Austria
Question 21
Along with other former countries of the British Empire, Canada is part of which organisation?
A
The Colonial Society
B
The Former Empire Club
C
The Commonwealth of Nations
D
The British Protectorate
Question 22
In what year were the majority of female Canadian citizens aged 21 or over given the right to vote in federal elections?
A
1916
B
1917
C
1918
D
1921
Question 23
Canada became an official title in what year?
A
1776
B
1796
C
1782
D
1791
Question 24
During the American Revolution, Joseph Brant led thousands of Native Americans into Canada who were loyal to the British. Which tribe did they represent?
A
Navajo
B
Mohawks
C
Apache
D
Sioux
Question 25
In the D-Day invasion of Western Europe on June 6, 1944, Canadian forces stormed and took which beach from the German army?
A
Sword
B
Gold
C
Juno
D
Omaha
Question 26
The first democratic representative assembly in Canada was elected where?
A
Prince Edward Island
B
New Brunswick
C
Halifax
D
Newfoundland
Question 27
British Columbia joined Canada in 1871 when Ottawa promised to build a linking…?
A
Highway
B
Railway
C
Telegraph network
D
Canal
Question 28
Canada Day, formerly known as Dominion Day, is celebrated to mark the date of the Dominion of Canada formally came into being in 1867, which is…?
A
June 1
B
May 1
C
July 1
D
August 1
Question 29
Which were the first group of women to be given the right to vote in federal elections in Canada?
A
Women serving as nurses in World War I
B
Women married to soldiers in World War I
C
Women working in munitions factories in World War I
D
Women who lost a family member in World War I
Question 30
Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts established the first European settlement north of Florida in which year?
A
1512
B
1604
C
1589
D
1608
Question 31
Which of these First Nations tribes did not become allies of the original French settlers?
A
Huron
B
Algonquin
C
Montagnais
D
Iroquois
Question 32
On what day of the year to Canadians remember all those who have served and died for Canada?
A
August 25
B
November 11
C
July 1
D
April 3
Question 33
In which year did the French make peace with the Iroquois?
A
1741
B
1681
C
1701
D
1721
Question 34
The name Canada derives from the Iroquois word kanata, which means what?
A
Country
B
Village
C
Seashore
D
Lake
Question 35
Having beaten the French, the British renamed the area of the Battle of the Plains what?
A
Prince Edward Island
B
Newfoundland
C
Province of Québec
D
New Britain
Question 36
Out of a population of 8 million, how many Canadians fought in the First World War?
A
200,000
B
400,000
C
100,000
D
600,000
Question 37
Why did European explorers call the native people they found in Canada Indians?
A
They thought they were in the East Indies
B
They thought they looked like Indians
C
It was short for “Independents”
D
It was the native people’s word for themselves
Question 38
Which of these Canadian tribes was nomadic?
A
Iroquois
B
Sioux
C
Inuit
D
Cree
Question 39
In 1812, in revenge for British interference with their shipping, which country attempted to invade Canada?
A
France
B
Portugal
C
Spain
D
USA
Question 40
Which Act of 1791 divided Québec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
A
The Canada Act
B
The Québec Act
C
The Constitutional Act
D
The Division Act
Question 41
At the turn of the 19th/20th century, more than 260 Canadians died in which war?
A
The Boer War
B
The Indian war
C
The Mexican War
D
The American war
Question 42
Which of these Canadian tribes lived by farming and hunting?
A
Dene
B
Sioux
C
Iroquois
D
Cree
Question 43
In what year did the British Parliament pass the Québec act?
A
1767
B
1774
C
1779
D
1781
Question 44
How many Canadians lost their lives in the First World War?
A
40,000
B
60,000
C
80,000
D
20,000
Question 45
Louis Riel led uprisings against the Dominion of Canada in 1869 and 1885, leading which people?
A
Inuit
B
Sioux
C
Métis and Indians
D
Iroquois
Question 46
The Atlantic colonies and Upper and Lower Canada were collectively known as what?
A
British Canada
B
Greater Canada
C
British North America
D
Northern States
Question 47
The commander of the victorious British Army in the Battle of the Plains was…?
A
The Duke of Marlborough
B
Arthur Wellesley
C
Charles Cadogan
D
James Wolfe
Question 48
The Québec Act allowed Catholics in Canada to do what that they could not, at the time, do in Britain?
A
Get married
B
Hold public office
C
Buy property
D
Celebrate mass
Question 49
In 1867, which of these provinces was not part of the new country called the Dominion of Canada?
A
New Brunswick
B
Newfoundland
C
Nova Scotia
D
Ontario
Question 50
In 1813 American invaders burnt down Government House and the Parliament Buildings in York. What is that city now called?
A
Kingston
B
Halifax
C
Toronto
D
Montréal
Question 51
Who was the first European to explore the St Lawrence River?
A
John Cabot
B
Jacques Cartier
C
William Cormack
D
Christopher Columbus
Question 52
Upper Canada became the first province of the British Empire to start to introduce abolition of slavery in what year?
A
1807
B
1776
C
1793
D
1800
Question 53
The export of which of these was not a major part of the Canadian economy when it was first founded?
A
Fur
B
Timber
C
Oil
D
Fish
Question 54
The cities of Edmonton, Langley and Victoria all began as what?
A
Trading posts
B
Landing stages
C
Religious settlements
D
Army bases
Question 55
In what year did the Montréal stock exchange open?
A
1782
B
1802
C
1862
D
1832
Question 56
What was the last territory to become part of the Dominion of Canada, in 1999?
A
Yukon
B
Nunavut
C
Alberta
D
Saskatchewan
Question 57
Around what time did the word Canada first begin appearing on maps?
A
1650s
B
1750s
C
1450s
D
1550s
Question 58
How many Canadian and Newfoundland servicemen served in World War II?
A
500,000
B
100,000
C
1 million+
D
250,000
Question 59
The Québec Act was based on…?
A
British criminal law and British civil law
B
French criminal law and British civil law
C
British criminal law and French civil law
D
French criminal law and French civil law
Question 60
Sir John Alexander McDonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born in what country?
A
England
B
Scotland
C
Wales
D
Canada
Question 61
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are now the national police force of Canada. What were they originally called when they were established to help pacify the west of Canada?
A
The Canada Mounted Police
B
The North West Mounted Police
C
Her Majesty’s Mounted Police
D
The Western Provinces Mounted Police
Question 62
At the time of the American Revolution, how many Loyalists fled to Canada?
A
30,000+
B
60,000+
C
40,000+
D
50,000+
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Canada’s History
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