Canada’s History

Questions from Discover Canada Chapter - Canada’s History. Detailed chapter-by-chapter questions help students retain and review knowledge from each chapter.

 

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Canada’s History

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Question 1
Who was the first person to draw a map of the east coast of Canada?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
John Cabot
C
Christopher Columbus
D
Ferdinand Magellan
Question 2
At the time of the American Revolution, how many Loyalists fled to Canada?
A
60,000+
B
30,000+
C
40,000+
D
50,000+
Question 3
In what year did the British Parliament pass the Québec act?
A
1774
B
1767
C
1781
D
1779
Question 4
In the 1920s, it was suggested that what area should become a part of Canada?
A
Alaska
B
The Falkland Islands
C
Ireland
D
British West Indies
Question 5
In what year were Upper and Lower Canada united as the Province of Canada?
A
1840
B
1830
C
1850
D
1860
Question 6
Along with other former countries of the British Empire, Canada is part of which organisation?
A
The Colonial Society
B
The Commonwealth of Nations
C
The British Protectorate
D
The Former Empire Club
Question 7
Having beaten the French, the British renamed the area of the Battle of the Plains what?
A
Prince Edward Island
B
New Britain
C
Province of Québec
D
Newfoundland
Question 8
How many Canadians lost their lives in the First World War?
A
40,000
B
80,000
C
60,000
D
20,000
Question 9
Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts established the first European settlement north of Florida in which year?
A
1608
B
1604
C
1589
D
1512
Question 10
In 1813 American invaders burnt down Government House and the Parliament Buildings in York. What is that city now called?
A
Montréal
B
Toronto
C
Kingston
D
Halifax
Question 11
Louis Riel led uprisings against the Dominion of Canada in 1869 and 1885, leading which people?
A
Sioux
B
Métis and Indians
C
Iroquois
D
Inuit
Question 12
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are now the national police force of Canada. What were they originally called when they were established to help pacify the west of Canada?
A
Her Majesty’s Mounted Police
B
The North West Mounted Police
C
The Western Provinces Mounted Police
D
The Canada Mounted Police
Question 13
The commander of the victorious British Army in the Battle of the Plains was…?
A
Arthur Wellesley
B
James Wolfe
C
The Duke of Marlborough
D
Charles Cadogan
Question 14
Which was the first Canadian province to give women the right to vote?
A
Ontario
B
British Columbia
C
Manitoba
D
Alberta
Question 15
Upper Canada became the first province of the British Empire to start to introduce abolition of slavery in what year?
A
1793
B
1807
C
1776
D
1800
Question 16
Sir John Alexander MacDonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, is represented on what Canadian currency?
A
$10 bill
B
$20 bill
C
$1 bill
D
$5 bill
Question 17
The first democratic representative assembly in Canada was elected where?
A
New Brunswick
B
Halifax
C
Newfoundland
D
Prince Edward Island
Question 18
Around what time did the word Canada first begin appearing on maps?
A
1450s
B
1750s
C
1550s
D
1650s
Question 19
In what year did the Americans attempt to invade Québec?
A
1769
B
1775
C
1776
D
1771
Question 20
Why did European explorers call the native people they found in Canada Indians?
A
They thought they looked like Indians
B
It was short for “Independents”
C
They thought they were in the East Indies
D
It was the native people’s word for themselves
Question 21
Which of these Canadian tribes lived by farming and hunting?
A
Cree
B
Iroquois
C
Dene
D
Sioux
Question 22
In 1812, in revenge for British interference with their shipping, which country attempted to invade Canada?
A
Portugal
B
France
C
Spain
D
USA
Question 23
British Columbia joined Canada in 1871 when Ottawa promised to build a linking…?
A
Railway
B
Canal
C
Telegraph network
D
Highway
Question 24
Canada Day, formerly known as Dominion Day, is celebrated to mark the date of the Dominion of Canada formally came into being in 1867, which is…?
A
June 1
B
August 1
C
May 1
D
July 1
Question 25
The first people to set foot in Canada apart from Aboriginal peoples are thought to have come from where?
A
Iceland
B
Germany
C
England
D
Ireland
Question 26
In 1867, which of these provinces was not part of the new country called the Dominion of Canada?
A
Ontario
B
Newfoundland
C
New Brunswick
D
Nova Scotia
Question 27
Sir Wilfred Laurier was the first Canadian Prime Minister…?
A
Who was born in Canada
B
Who was French Canadian
C
All of these
D
Who was an immigrant
Question 28
The original French economy of Canada was driven by the trade in what?
A
Dried fish
B
Pine timber
C
Gold
D
Beaver pelts
Question 29
In what year were the majority of female Canadian citizens aged 21 or over given the right to vote in federal elections?
A
1916
B
1918
C
1921
D
1917
Question 30
Which Act of 1791 divided Québec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
A
The Division Act
B
The Canada Act
C
The Québec Act
D
The Constitutional Act
Question 31
To defend Canada, the Duke of Wellington chose Bytown as the endpoint of his network of forts. What is it called today?
A
Ottawa
B
Toronto
C
Edmonton
D
Montréal
Question 32
In 1885 a Head Tax was established to attempt to block the immigration of which people to Canada?
A
Indians
B
Mexicans
C
Africans
D
Chinese
Question 33
In 1792, black immigrants to Nova Scotia established a colony for free slaves where?
A
Nigeria
B
Togo
C
Sierra Leone
D
Ethiopia
Question 34
Who was the first European to explore the St Lawrence River?
A
Jacques Cartier
B
William Cormack
C
Christopher Columbus
D
John Cabot
Question 35
Canada became an official title in what year?
A
1776
B
1791
C
1782
D
1796
Question 36
The name Canada derives from the Iroquois word kanata, which means what?
A
Village
B
Lake
C
Country
D
Seashore
Question 37
At the turn of the 19th/20th century, more than 260 Canadians died in which war?
A
The Boer War
B
The Mexican War
C
The American war
D
The Indian war
Question 38
Sir John Alexander McDonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born in what country?
A
England
B
Wales
C
Canada
D
Scotland
Question 39
The cities of Edmonton, Langley and Victoria all began as what?
A
Landing stages
B
Army bases
C
Trading posts
D
Religious settlements
Question 40
When European settlers first came to Canada, they caused large numbers of Aboriginal people to die due to…?
A
Starvation
B
Warfare
C
Execution
D
Disease
Question 41
Which of these Canadian tribes was nomadic?
A
Iroquois
B
Cree
C
Sioux
D
Inuit
Question 42
To mark a remarkable victory in April 1917, April 9 is now celebrated as…?
A
Vimy Day
B
Passchendaele Day
C
Ypres Day
D
Gallipoli Day
Question 43
The Québec Act allowed Catholics in Canada to do what that they could not, at the time, do in Britain?
A
Get married
B
Buy property
C
Hold public office
D
Celebrate mass
Question 44
In which year did the French make peace with the Iroquois?
A
1721
B
1701
C
1741
D
1681
Question 45
In what year did the Montréal stock exchange open?
A
1782
B
1832
C
1862
D
1802
Question 46
Many slaves escaped from the United States to Canada using…?
A
The Underground Highway
B
The Underground Tramway
C
The Underground Railroad
D
The Underground Canal
Question 47
Which were the first group of women to be given the right to vote in federal elections in Canada?
A
Women serving as nurses in World War I
B
Women married to soldiers in World War I
C
Women working in munitions factories in World War I
D
Women who lost a family member in World War I
Question 48
The Atlantic colonies and Upper and Lower Canada were collectively known as what?
A
British Canada
B
Greater Canada
C
British North America
D
Northern States
Question 49
In the D-Day invasion of Western Europe on June 6, 1944, Canadian forces stormed and took which beach from the German army?
A
Omaha
B
Sword
C
Gold
D
Juno
Question 50
In 1608 Samuel de Champlain built a fortress in an area which is now…?
A
Québec city
B
Prince Edward Island
C
Montréal
D
Toronto
Question 51
In what year did King Charles II give the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the Hudson Bay area?
A
1670
B
1665
C
1675
D
1660
Question 52
Which of these First Nations tribes did not become allies of the original French settlers?
A
Montagnais
B
Huron
C
Iroquois
D
Algonquin
Question 53
What was the last territory to become part of the Dominion of Canada, in 1999?
A
Nunavut
B
Yukon
C
Saskatchewan
D
Alberta
Question 54
How many Canadian and Newfoundland servicemen served in World War II?
A
500,000
B
250,000
C
100,000
D
1 million+
Question 55
During the Second World War, Canadians with origins in which country were unfairly discriminated against in British Columbia?
A
Austria
B
Germany
C
Japan
D
Italy
Question 56
On what day of the year to Canadians remember all those who have served and died for Canada?
A
November 11
B
August 25
C
April 3
D
July 1
Question 57
During the American Revolution, Joseph Brant led thousands of Native Americans into Canada who were loyal to the British. Which tribe did they represent?
A
Navajo
B
Mohawks
C
Apache
D
Sioux
Question 58
The first British North American colony to truly govern itself was…?
A
New Brunswick
B
Nova Scotia
C
Prince Edward Island
D
Newfoundland
Question 59
Out of a population of 8 million, how many Canadians fought in the First World War?
A
200,000
B
600,000
C
100,000
D
400,000
Question 60
France’s empire in North America came to an end at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 in which part of Canada?
A
Québec City
B
Prince Edward Island
C
Montréal
D
Hudson’s Bay
Question 61
The Québec Act was based on…?
A
British criminal law and British civil law
B
British criminal law and French civil law
C
French criminal law and French civil law
D
French criminal law and British civil law
Question 62
The export of which of these was not a major part of the Canadian economy when it was first founded?
A
Timber
B
Oil
C
Fish
D
Fur
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